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Indicators of Dyslexia

Below are lists of indicators which may show that a dyslexic difficulty is present.

When looking at the lists of indicators, remember the following:

  • No person will have all the indicators.
  • Many people will have several of the indicators.
  • Some indicators are more common than others.
  • The number of indicators observed does not indicate whether the dyslexia is mild, moderate or severe. 
  • Everyone has strengths and weaknesses so people who do not have dyslexia will relate to a few of the signs.  People who have dyslexia will tend to relate to a significant number of the following indicators.

Indicators of possible dyslexia:

  • Difficulty with reading aloud.
  • Difficulty with reading unfamiliar material.
  • Tendency to mispronounce or misread words.
  • Slow pace of reading.
  • Reading for information only, not for pleasure.
  • Understanding more easily when listening than when reading.
  • Difficulty with spelling.
  • Finding it hard to visualise words, or remember the sequence of letters in a word.
  • Difficulty with sentence construction and punctuation.
  • Difficulty putting information on paper.
  • Difficulty in spotting mistakes made in written work.
  • Finding it easier to express thoughts in words than in writing.
  • Underachieving in school and college, particularly in exams.
  • Having immature or poorly formed handwriting.
  • Tendency to be clumsy and uncoordinated.
  • Confusing left and right.
  • Finding it hard to remember things in sequence.
  • Difficulty in remembering new information or new names.
  • Getting phone messages wrong.
  • Confusion with times and dates and appointments.
  • Getting phone numbers wrong by perhaps reversing digits.
  • Making ‘silly’ mistakes in calculations.
  • Having ‘good’ days and ‘bad’ days.
  • Poor short-term memory.
  • Having close family members with dyslexia.

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