Dyslexia and many other learning difficulties do not always occur in isolation. It is quite common for an individual to have co-occurring conditions. This can create challenges for accurate diagnosis. However, appropriate identification of all the special educational needs of an individual is vital as this enables the implementation of a range of suitable interventions.
Conditions which can sometimes co-occur with dyslexia are:
- Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability which causes great difficulty in learning and comprehending mathematics.
- Dysgraphia is a specific disability affecting a person’s ability to write. Problems include fine motor muscle control in the hands and processing difficulties.
- Dyspraxia or Developmental Co-ordinator Disorder (DCD) is a specific difficulty with movement and aspects of learning such as thinking out, planning and carrying out sensory / motor tasks.
- ADD and ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder, with or without Hyperactivity) is a biologically based condition causing persistent difficulties resulting in one or more of the following behaviours: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- Asperger Syndrome is a pervasive developmental disorder at the high functioning end of the Autistic Spectrum which can cause significant difficulties with social interaction, communication and flexible thinking.
- Specific Language Impairment (SLI) affects communication. Often there are difficulties in language comprehension, expressive language, using language in everyday situations and speech-sound difficulties.
DAI is a member of the Spectrum Alliance (www.spectrumalliance.ie), a network of disability groups which was established to raise awareness of related developmental disorders (hidden disabilities) such as Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, ADHD and Asperger Syndrome. It is quite common for an individual to have more than one of these life-long conditions. Through the Spectrum Alliance we work towards increasing awareness of the co-morbidity of these conditions.